History of Banasura Sagar Dam
The Banasura Sagar Dam is a famous landmark in the beautiful Western Ghats of Kerala, India. It has a fascinating history and is an important place. Let’s explore how it was built, what it is used for, and why it is significant to the region.
The construction of the Banasura Sagar Dam started in 1979 as part of a big project called Banasurasagar Project. This project was started by the Kerala State Electricity Board.
The aim was to use the water from the Karamanathodu tributary, which is an important source of the Kabini River. They wanted to use this water for irrigation and to generate hydroelectric power. It took many years of careful planning and hard work, and finally, the dam was completed in 1995.
The dam is named after Banasura, a legendary demon king from Indian stories. It is an impressive engineering feat and stands as a symbol of human skill and creativity. The location of the dam, surrounded by the beautiful Banasura Hill, adds to its charm and magnificence.
The Banasura Sagar Dam is understood for being the largest earthen dam in India and the second biggest in all of Asia. It was built using a combination of rocks, concrete, and soil, making it a remarkable example of architectural brilliance. This mix of materials ensures that the dam is strong, stable, and long-lasting.
The dam creates a vast reservoir that covers an area of about 8,500 acres. It can hold around 2.7 billion cubic meters of water. This reservoir serves two main purposes. Firstly, it provides water for irrigation, which helps the farmers in the region with their agriculture. Secondly, it generates hydroelectric power, which is an important source of energy for the state.
The Banasura Sagar Dam has historical significance as well. It is named after Banasura, a mythical demon king who is believed to have ruled the area around the dam.
Local legends say that Banasura was a devoted follower of Lord Shiva, and the hills surrounding the dam were his kingdom. The name of the dam honors this mythical figure and connects the present with the stories of the past.
The dam and its reservoir have become popular tourist attractions due to their breathtaking beauty and the interesting stories associated with the area.
Visitors come from far and wide to admire the grandeur of the dam and to explore the nearby hills, islands, and the diverse plants and animals in the region.
The Banasura Sagar Dam is not just a construction marvel but also an important part of the region’s history and culture. It fulfills its purposes of irrigation and hydroelectric power generation while also providing a place of natural beauty and heritage. The dam continues to be a cherished landmark in Kerala, attracting visitors with its historical, architectural, and ecological wonders.
Tourism of Banasura Sagar Dam
Banasura Sagar Dam, located in the scenic Western Ghats of Kerala, India, is a popular tourist destination that attracts visitors from all over the world. The dam and the surrounding area offer breathtaking views of the hills, islands, and the expansive reservoir formed by the dam.
Tourists can engage in a variety of activities such as boating, trekking, camping, and nature walks. The dam’s reservoir is a hub for water-based activities such as boating and kayaking, allowing visitors to explore the calm waters and the surrounding islands.
The islands are also home to several adventure sports facilities that cater to adrenaline junkies, offering activities such as zip-lining, rock climbing, and rappelling.
The surrounding hills provide ample opportunities for trekking and hiking, with several trails catering to all levels of experience. The trails offer stunning views of the surrounding valleys, hills, and the dam itself. Visitors can also indulge in camping activities in the hills, allowing them to immerse themselves in the serene natural surroundings.
The Banasura Sagar Dam and its reservoir are also home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, making it a popular spot for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts. Visitors can spot several species of birds, butterflies, and small animals that inhabit the region.
The dam and its surrounding area also hold historical significance, with legends and tales associated with the region’s mythical ruler, Banasura. Visitors can explore the nearby temples and ruins that offer glimpses into the region’s rich cultural and historical heritage.
The Banasura Sagar Dam is a perfect destination for tourists looking to explore the natural beauty, history, and culture of Kerala. Its strategic location, scenic beauty, and abundance of activities make it a must-visit spot for visitors of all ages and interests.
How to reach Banasura Sagar Dam?
Banasura Sagar Dam, located in the Western Ghats of Kerala, India, can be easily reached by road. The nearest major town is Kalpetta, which is around 21 kilometers away from the dam.
If you are traveling from Kalpetta, you can take a private taxi or a state-run bus to reach the dam. The journey takes around 45 minutes and offers stunning views of the Western Ghats.
If you are traveling from other major cities such as Bangalore or Kochi, you can take a bus or a private taxi to reach Kalpetta and then follow the above-mentioned route to reach the dam.
The nearest airport to the dam is the Calicut International Airport, which is around 92 kilometers away. From the airport, you can take a private taxi or a state-run bus to reach Kalpetta and then follow the above-mentioned route to reach the dam.
In conclusion, Banasura Sagar Dam is easily accessible by road and is located near the town of Kalpetta. Visitors can take a private taxi or a state-run bus to reach the dam from Kalpetta.